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The following is a summary of the systematic review findings up to the date of our most recent literature search. If you have a specific clinical case, we strongly recommend you read all of the relevant references as cited and look for additional material published outside our search dates.



Influence of ethnicity and socio-economic group

These aspects were not addressed by the included studies

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  1. Coant PN, Kornberg AE, Brody AS, Edwards-Holmes K. Markers for occult liver injury in cases of physical abuse in children. Pediatrics. 1992;89(2):274-278 [Pubmed]
  2. Harper NS, Feldman KW, Sugar NF, Anderst JD, Lindberg DM; Examining Siblings To Recognize Abuse Investigators. Additional injuries in young infants with concern for abuse and apparently isolated bruises. Journal of Pediatrics. 2014;165(2):383-388.e1. [Pubmed]

  3. Hilmes MA, Hernanz-Schulman M, Greeley CS, Piercey LM., Yu C, Kan JH. CT identification of abdominal injuries in abused pre-school-age children. Pediatric Radiology. 2011;41(5):643-651 [Pubmed]
  4. Lindberg D, Makoroff K, Harper N, Laskey A, Bechtel K, Deye K, Shapiro R, for the ULTRA Investigators. Utility of hepatic transaminases to recognize abuse in children. Pediatrics. 2009;124(2):509-516 [Pubmed]
  5. Lindberg DM, Shapiro RA, Blood EA, Steiner RD, Berger RP. Utility of hepatic transaminases in children with concern for abuse. Pediatrics. 2013;131(2):268-275. [Pubmed]




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