You are here » CORE INFO » Reviews » School Aged Neglect / EA » What features are identifiable in school-aged children who are experiencing neglect and / or emotional abuse? » Social Functioning

Social Functioning

The following is a summary of the systematic review findings up to the date of our most recent literature search. If you have a specific clinical case, we strongly recommend you read all of the relevant references as cited and look for additional material published outside our search dates.

 

8 studies (10 publications) addressed social functioning 1-10 (overlapping data between 3&4 and 8&9)

 

Multiple tools were used, and peer nominations were used in four publications 5,6,8,9

 

  • The children exhibit difficulties in being accepted by other children, making friends and developing reciprocated friendships 1-9
  • Neglected children have difficulties with daily living activities, in particular a delay in personal care skills, ability to complete domestic tasks, or to form interpersonal relations, in comparison to controls 10. The neglected children also showed a low socialisation score in comparison to controls
  • Those who were emotionally maltreated from a young age are less likely to have a best friend and those with chronic maltreatment gain fewer friends over time 1
  • Children have a strong desire to please others and overcompensate in their efforts to achieve this 3,4
  • Two studies did not identify differences between the neglected or emotionally abused children compared to controls in their peer nominations 5,7

Click here to open

References

  1. Bolger KE, Patterson CJ, Kupersmidt JB. Peer relationships and self-esteem among children who have been maltreated. Child Development. 1998;69(4):1171-97 [Pubmed]

  2. De Paúl J, Arruabarrena MI. Behavior problems in school-aged physically abused and neglected children in Spain. Child Abuse & Neglect. 1995;19(4):409-18 [Pubmed]

  3. Finzi R, Har-Even D, Shnit D, Weizman A. Psychosocial characterization of physically abused children from low socioeconomic households in comparison to neglected and nonmaltreated children. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 2002;11(4):441-453 [Abstract available from Springer Link]

  4. Finzi R, Har-Even D, Weizman A. Comparison of ego defenses among physically abused children, neglected, and non-maltreated children. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2003;44(5):388-95 [Pubmed]

  5. Kaufman J, Cicchetti D. Effects of maltreatment on school-age children's socioemotional development: Assessments in a day-camp setting. Developmental Psychology. 1989;25(4):516-524 [Abstract available from APAPsychNET]

  6. Kim J, Cicchetti D. Longitudinal pathways linking child maltreatment, emotion regulation, peer relations, and psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry. 2010;51(6):706-16 [Pubmed]

  7. Kinard EM. Perceived social skills and social competence in maltreated children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 1999;69(4):465-81 [Pubmed]

  8. Manly JT, Cicchetti D, Barnett D. The impact of subtype, frequency, chronicity, and severity of child maltreatment on social competence and behavior problems. Development and Psychopathology. 1994;6(1):121-143 [Abstract available from Cambridge Journals Online]

  9. Manly JT, Kim JE, Rogosch FA, Cicchetti D. Dimensions of child maltreatment and children's adjustment: contributions of developmental timing and subtype. Development & Psychopathology. 2001;13(4):759-82 [Pubmed]

  10. Viezel KD, Lowell A, Davis AS, Castillo J. Differential profiles of adaptive behavior of maltreated children. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. 2014;6(5):574-579 [Abstract available from APA PsychNET]

 

^ back to top