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School Aged Neglect / EA

The following is a summary of the systematic review findings up to the date of our most recent literature search. If you have a specific clinical case, we strongly recommend you read all of the relevant references as cited and look for additional material published outside our search dates.

 

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Review last updated in November 2014

Neglect is the most common form of child abuse, but frequently goes unrecognized within the school-aged population. Education staff observe children on an almost daily basis and are well placed to identify neglect in this age group 1. In addition emotional abuse (EA) is prevalent in this age group, frequently overlapping with neglect as a form of emotional maltreatment. Neglect or emotional maltreatment in this age group have lasting consequences for young people’s physical and mental health 2.

 

This systematic review aims to define identifiable features which can be observed in children aged 5 – 14 completed years who are experiencing any form of neglect including physical, emotional, supervisory, medical, educational or nutritional and / or emotional abuse.

 

The review seeks to answer the following review question:

 

1. What features, (excluding serological markers), are identifiable in school-aged children who are experiencing physical / emotional / supervisory / medical / educational / nutritional neglect and / or emotional abuse?

 

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References

  1. NSPCC Safeguarding in Education Service. Briefing: The role of schools, academies and colleges in addressing neglect. April 2013. [Available from the NSPCC website]

  2. Felitti VJ, Anda RF, Nordenberg D, Williamson DF, Spitz AM, Edwards V, Koss MP, Marks JS. Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults. The adverse childhood experiences (ACE) study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 1998;14:245-58. [Pubmed]

 

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