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Other useful references

  • A Cochrane review has been published which addresses the neonatal outcomes of instrumental delivery 1
  • A retrospective study examining the prevalence of intracranial haemorrhage in newborn infants. No child underwent ophthalmological examination 2
  • A further study which did not meet the quality standards for inclusion due to a lack of detail identified that of 123 infants, 1 infant had a retinal haemorrhage persisting to two months 3

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  1. O'Mahony F, Hofmeyr GJ, Menon V. Choice of instruments for assisted vaginal delivery. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2010(11):1-96 [Pubmed]
  2. Brouwer AJ, Groenendaal F, Koopman C, Nievelstein R-JA, Han AK, de Vries LS. Intracranial hemorrhage in full-term newborns: a hospital-based cohort study. Neuroradiology. 2010;52:567-576. [Pubmed]

  3. Liu P, Tian Y, Wu YZ. Related factors of high-risk newborn retinal hemorrhage [Chinese]. International Eye Science. 2013;13(4):754-755 [Abstract available from Journal Website]


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