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Other useful references

The following is a summary of the systematic review findings up to the date of our most recent literature search. If you have a specific clinical case, we strongly recommend you read all of the relevant references as cited and look for additional material published outside our search dates.



  • Interventions to improve parenting and increase sensitivity of mothers to their infants 1

Indicators for neglect in parents

  • A systematic review of how neglected chidlren and their parents indicate their needs 2
  • A comparison of parent-child interaction as measured by the global rating scale (GRS) versus health visitors subjective assessment showed that the latter focussed on maternal attributes more than the infant behaviour, those who did address the infant features had a higher correlation with the GRS 3
  • Paternal depression when a child was 3-years old was associated with increased odds of child neglect at age
    5 [adjusted odds ratio: 1.94 (95% confidence interval: 1.18–3.19); P < .01]. This was independent of maternal and other risk factors 4


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  1. Barlow J, Davis H, McIntosh E, Jarrett P, Mockford C, Stewart-Brown S. Role of home visiting in improving parenting and health in families at risk of abuse and neglect: results of a multicentre randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2007;92(3):229-233 [Pubmed]
  2. Daniel B, Taylor J, Scott, J. Research Brief: Noticing and helping the neglected child literature review. Department for Children, Schools and Families. 2009:1-4 [Research Brief provided by Department for Education]
  3. Appleton JV, Harris M, Oates J, Kelly C. Evaluating health visitor assessments of mother-infant interactions: a mixed methods study. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2013;50(1):5-15 [Pubmed]

  4. Lee SJ, Taylor CA, Bellamy JL. Paternal depression and risk for child neglect in father-involved families of young children. Child Abuse & Neglect. 2012;36(5):461-469 [Pubmed]


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