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Parent-Child Interaction

The following is a summary of the systematic review findings up to the date of our most recent literature search. If you have a specific clinical case, we strongly recommend you read all of the relevant references as cited and look for additional material published outside our search dates.


Flowers - Anon

Review last updated in November 2014

All practitioners involved with children have the opportunity to observe parent-child interactions. Children who experience poor parent-child interactions may fail to develop a secure attachment relationship with their parent, which can lead to long-term social and psychological problems. While neglect is a failure to provide adequate care, there are identifiable features in the interaction between neglected and/or emotionally abused children and their care-givers.


Only two studies to date have addressed emotional maltreatment.


This literature predominantly relates to children less than six years of age.


The review seeks to answer the following review question:

1.  What are the features of parent-child interactions amongst neglected and/or emotionally abused children aged 0-14 years?


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