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Other physically abusive intra-oral injuries

The following is a summary of the systematic review findings up to the date of our most recent literature search. If you have a specific clinical case, we strongly recommend you read all of the relevant references as cited and look for additional material published outside our search dates.


Review last updated in June 2014


As part of our oral injuries review, we sought to answer the question: What other intra-oral injuries are caused by physical abuse to children?


We aim to document other intra-oral injuries found in physical abuse, as well as their relative frequency. For the purposes of this review, ‘intra-oral’ was defined as between the vermilion borders of the mouth. We did not deal with injuries due to sexual abuse, burns or dental neglect since these will be addressed in separate reviews. 



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   – Overall results
   – Age
   – Gender
   – Influence of ethnicity and socio-economic group

Intra–oral injuries recorded in physically abused children

Implications for practice

Research implications

Limitations of review findings

Other useful references


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