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Limitations of review findings

  • Extremely limited numbers of children represented, and only a single comparative study
  • Uncertainty as to frequency of oral examinations performed in child abuse cases
  • Possible under-recording of non-abusive torn frenum due to its trivial nature in dental terms
  • Lack of epidemiological data on non-abusive torn frenum
  • No evidence to support any abusive mechanism of injury other than a direct blow


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