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Vertebral fractures

The following is a summary of the systematic review findings up to the date of our most recent literature search. If you have a specific clinical case, we strongly recommend you read all of the relevant references as cited and look for additional material published outside our search dates.


The following included studies contain findings on vertebral fractures 1-15. We conducted a Spinal Injuries systematic review that was jointly run between our Fractures and Neurological Injuries reviews, since injury to the spine can consist of both spinal fractures and injury to the spinal cord. Therefore, any specific details relating to the studies of vertebral fractures can be found in the Spinal Injuries section.


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  1. Barber I, Perez-Rossello JM, Wilson CR, Silvera MV, Kleinman PK. Prevalence and relevance of pediatric spinal fractures in suspected child abuse. Pediatric Radiology. 2013;43(11):1507-15 [Pubmed]

  2. Bode KS, Newton PO. Pediatric nonaccidental trauma thoracolumbar fracture-dislocation: posterior spinal fusion with pedicle screw fixation in an 8-month-old boy. Spine. 2007;32(14):E388-E393 [Pubmed]
  3. Carrion WV, Dormans JP, Drummond DS, Christofersen MR. Circumferential growth plate fracture of the thoracolumbar spine from child abuse. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 1996;16(2):210-214 [Pubmed]
  4. Cullen JC. Spinal lesions in battered babies. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 1975;57(3):364-366 [Pubmed]
  5. Diamond P, Hansen CM, Christofersen MR. Child abuse presenting as a thoracolumbar spinal fracture dislocation: a case report. Pediatric Emergency Care. 1994;10(2):83-86 [Pubmed]
  6. Dickson RA, Leatherman KD. Spinal injuries in child abuse: case report. The Journal of Trauma. 1978;18(12):811-812 [Pubmed]
  7. Feldman KW, Avellino AM, Sugar NF, Ellenbogen RG. Cervical spinal cord injury in abused children. Pediatric Emergency Care. 2008;24(4):222-227 [Pubmed]
  8. Gabos PG, Tuten HR, Leet A, Stanton RP. Fracture-dislocation of the lumbar spine in an abused child. Pediatrics. 1998;101(3 Pt 1):473-477 [Pubmed citation only]
  9. Gille P, Bonneville JF, Francois JY, Aubert D, Peltre G, Canal JP. Fracture des pédicules de l'axis chez un nourrisson battu (Fractures of axis pedicles in battered infant). Chirurgie Pediatrique. 1980;21(5):343-344. [Pubmed]
  10. Kleinman PK, Shelton YA. Hangman's fracture in an abused infant: imaging features. Pediatric Radiology. 1997;27(9):776-777 [Pubmed]
  11. Oral R, Rahhal R, Elshershari H, Menezes AH. Intentional avulsion fracture of the second cervical vertebra in a hypotonic child. Pediatric Emergency Care. 2006;22(5):352-354 [Pubmed]
  12. Renard M, Tridon P, Kuhnast M, Renauld JM, Dollfus P. Three unusual cases of spinal cord injury in childhood. Paraplegia. 1978;16(1):130-134 [Pubmed]
  13. Rooks VJ, Sisler C, Burton B. Cervical spine injury in child abuse: report of two cases. Pediatric Radiology. 1998;28(3):193-195 [Pubmed]
  14. Sieradzki JP, Sarwark JF. Thoracolumbar fracture-dislocation in child abuse: case report, closed reduction technique and review of the literature. Pediatric Neurosurgery.2008;44(3):253-257 [Pubmed]
  15. Tran B, Silvera M, Newton A, Kleinman PK. Inflicted T12 fracture-dislocation: CT/MRI correlation and mechanistic implications. Pediatric Radiology. 2007;37(11):1171-1173 [Pubmed]


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