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Intentional burns without malicious intent

The following is a summary of the systematic review findings up to the date of our most recent literature search. If you have a specific clinical case, we strongly recommend you read all of the relevant references as cited and look for additional material published outside our search dates.

 

Traditional remedies 1-5

  • These intentional burns result from heat sources or chemicals which are inflicted as a traditional remedy for illness
  • They occur predominantly among South Asian populations
  • They are also described in Somalian children
  • Age range: 0 – 15 years

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References

  1. Asnes RS, Wisotsky DH. Cupping lesions simulating child abuse. The Journal of Pediatrics. 1981;99(2):267-268 [Pubmed citation only]
  2. Feldman KW. Pseudoabusive burns in Asian refugees. American Journal of Dieases of Children. 1984;138(8):768-769 [Pubmed]
  3. Feldman KW. Pseudoabusive burns in Asian refugees. Child Abuse and Neglect. 1995;19(5):657-658 [Pubmed citation only]
  4. Ho WS, Ying SY, Wong TW. Bizarre paediatric facial burns. Burns. 2000;26(5):504-506 [Pubmed]
  5. Sandler AP, Haynes V. Nonaccidental trauma and medical folk belief: a case of cupping. Pediatrics. 1978;61(6):921-922 [Pubmed citation only]

Hot boiled egg 1

  • Two cases, both of whom had hit their head accidentally
  • Contact burn with hot boiled egg to face, administered as a cure for bruising

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References

  1. Ho WS, Ying SY, Wong TW. Bizarre paediatric facial burns. Burns. 2000;26(5):504-506 [Pubmed]

Moxibustion 1,2

Burn agent:

  • Moxa herb
  • Burning yarn
  • Cigarette

Location:

  • Around umbilicus / abdomen 
  • Back 
  • Lower rib cage
  • Dorsum of wrists, elbows and ankles 
  • Temple

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References

  1. Feldman KW. Pseudoabusive burns in Asian refugees. American Journal of Dieases of Children. 1984;138(8):768-769 [Pubmed]
  2. Feldman KW. Pseudoabusive burns in Asian refugees. Child Abuse and Neglect. 1995;19(5):657-658 [Pubmed citation only]

Cupping 1,2

  • Circular superficial burns to the back

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References

  1. Asnes RS, Wisotsky DH. Cupping lesions simulating child abuse. The Journal of Pediatrics. 1981;99(2):267-268 [Pubmed citation only]
  2. Sandler AP, Haynes V. Nonaccidental trauma and medical folk belief: a case of cupping. Pediatrics. 1978;61(6):921-922 [Pubmed citation only]

 

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