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Inclusion criteria

See evidence sheets and critical appraisal forms for each update




Children aged 13-17 completed years

Studies of physical or sexual abuse alone, or studies combining physical or sexual abuse and neglect / emotional abuse, where the data from the neglect/ emotional abuse cases could not be extracted

Self-reported or self-rated features of the impact of neglect/emotional abuse on the child during the period of exposure to neglect/emotional abuse

Studies which do not contain data that was self-reported / rated by the child experiencing neglect – either exclusively or where relevant data that was self-reported / rated cannot be extracted

Confirmed cases of neglect / emotional abuse (A-B Quality Standards for Confirmation of Neglect / Emotional Abuse)

Studies of management or complications of neglect

Studies conducted in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries

Studies addressing outcomes of neglect


Studies with no data or documentation relating to the impact on the child (emotional, behavioural, psychological, developmental)


Single case studies or case series of fewer than three cases, formal consensus articles, expert opinions, personal practice, review articles, systematic reviews


Neglect / emotional abuse defined by unreferenced criteria / tool, not specified in our standards (D Quality Standards for Confirmation of Neglect / Emotional Abuse)





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