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Search strategy

Medline search strategy used for the 2014 spinal injuries search:

1. CHILD/

2. (paediatric or pediatric or neonate*).af.

3. (child: or infant: or toddler: or babies or baby).af.

4. or/1-3

5. ((non-accidental or nonaccidental) adj3 (trauma or injur:)).af.

6. ((non-abusive or nonabusive) adj3 (injur: or trauma)).af.

7. (non-accidental: and injur:).af.

8. soft tissue injur:.af.

9. physical abuse.af.

10. ((inflicted or noninflicted or non-inflicted) adj3 (brain injur: or cerebral injur: or head injur:)).af.

11. (inflicted traumatic head injur: or inflicted traumatic brain injur:).af.

12. (maltreat* or shaking).af.

13. (AHT or Abusive Head Trauma).af.

14. (or/5-13) and 4

15. (child abuse or child maltreatment or child protection).af.

16. (battered child or shaken baby or battered baby).af.

17. (battered infant or shaken infant).af.

18. (Shak: Baby Syndrome or shak: impact syndrome).af.

19. Caffey-Kempe syndrome.af.

20. *”Child Abuse”/di [Diagnosis]

21. or/15-20

22. 14 or 21

23. extracranial CNS injur*.af.

24. Craniocerebral Trauma/

25. cervical spine injur:.af.

26. cervical spine neuropathology.af.

27. diffuse axonal injur:.af.

28. extracranial CNS injur:.af.

29. (extradural haematoma or hematoma).af.

30. extradural haemorrhage.af.

31. exp Neck Injuries/

32. neck injur*.af.

33. (parenchymal contusion or laceration).af.

34. spinal cord injur:.af.

35. (subdural haematoma or hemotoma).af.

36. (subarachnoid hematoma or subarachnoid haematoma).af.

37. (subdural haemorrhage or subdural hemorrhage).af.

38. whiplash impact syndrome.af.

39. whiplash injur:.af.

40. whiplash shaken infant.af.

41. infarction.af.

42. (hypoxic-ischemic injur: or hypoxic-ischaemic injur:).af.

43. (contusion: or contusional tear).af.

44. (hematoma or haematoma).af.

45. laceration:.af.

46. shearing injur:.af.

47. traumatic effusion:.af.

48. sciwora.mp.

49. spinal cord injury without radiologic abnormality.af.

50. thoracic lumbar sacral.af.

51. leptomeningeal cyst.af.

52. (Extradural haemorrhag: or extradural hemorrhag: or extradural spinal haemorrhag: or extradural spinal hemorrhag:).af.

53. (intraparenchymal hemorrhag: or intraparenchymal haemorrhag:).af.

54. diffuse axonal injur*.tw.

55. spinal subdural.tw.

56. cervical.af.

57. exp Spinal Cord Injuries/

58. Spinal Injuries/

59. spinal cord trauma.af.

60. Spinal Cord Compression/

61. Cervical Vertebrae/

62. hyperflexion injur*.af.

63. hyperextension injur*.af.

64. or/23-6365. Fractur*.af.

66. exp Fractures, Comminuted/

67. exp Fractures, Bone/

68. exp Fractures, Compression/

69. hangmans fractur*.af.

70. Cervicomedullary injur*.af.

71. (Atlanto-Axial Joint adj3 injur*).af.

72. (fracture dislocation or crush fractur*).af.

73. (or/65-72) and 64

74. (Spinal adj5 fract*).af.

75. (Cervical adj5 fract*).af.

76. (thoracic adj5 fract*).af.

77. (lumbosacral adj5 fract*).af.

78. (thoraco-lumbar adj5 fract*).af.

79. (sacral adj5 fract*).af.

80. (lumbar adj5 fract*).af.

81. or/74-80

82. 73 or 81

83. skeletal survey.mp.

84. ((paediatric or pediatric) adj3 radiolog:).mp.

85. ((paediatric or pediatric) adj3 nuclear medicine).mp.

86. Scintigraphy.mp.

87. (bone scan or X rays).mp.

88. isotope bone scan:.mp.

89. (MRI or magnetic resonance imaging).af.

90. exp Tomography, X-Ray Computed/

91. (CT or CAT scan*).af.

92. diagnostic imaging.af.

93. (neuroradiology or neuroimaging or neuro-imaging).af.

94. (radiological imag* or neurologic* imag*).af.

95. diffusion weighted imaging.af.

96. *”Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging”/

97. (plain films or ultrasound scan* or 3D reconstruction).af.

98. exp Ultrasonography/

99. (Susceptibility Weighted Imaging or SWI).tw.

100. neuro* radiology.af.

101. neuro* examination*.af.

102. or/83-101

103. healing.mp.

104. (timing adj3 healing).mp.

105. ((dating or date or pattern*) adj3 fractur*).mp.

106. (ag: adj3 fractur*).mp.

107. (ag* adj3 fractur*).mp.

108. ((dating or date or pattern* or age or aging) adj3 fractur*).mp.

109. (aging adj3 fracture).mp.

110. exp Aging/

111. exp Time Factors/

112. or/103-111

113. 102 or 112

114. 22 and 82 and 113

115. limit 114 to yr=”20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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