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Search strategy

Medline search strategy used in 2015 for:

What differences are found between abusive head trauma retinal findings versus non-abusive head trauma retinal findings?

1. Infant/ or Infant, Newborn/

2. (child$ or toddler$ or neonate$ or baby or infant$).mp.

3. Child, Preschool/

4. babies.mp.

5. child/

6. or/1-5

7. ((non-abusive or nonabusive) adj3 (injur: or trauma)).mp.

8. ((non-accidental or nonaccidental) adj3 (trauma or injur$)).mp.

9. (non-accidental$ and injur$).mp.

10. physical abuse.mp.

11. abusive head trauma.mp.

12. inflicted brain injur$.mp.

13. (or/7-13) and 6

14. (child abuse or child maltreatment or child protection).mp.

15. (battered child$ or shaken baby or battered baby).mp.

16. (battered infant$ or shaken infant$).mp.

17. (Shak$ Baby Syndrome or shak$ impact syndrome).mp.

18. (intracranial injur* adj3 abuse).tw.

19. non-accidental head injur*.tw.

20. non?accidental head injur*.tw.

21. NAHI.tw.

22. exp Child Abuse/

23. or/14-22

24. 13 or 23

25. (Bilateral retinal haemorrhag$ or Bilateral retinal hemorrhage$).mp.

26. (Blot retinal haemorrhage$ or Blot retinal hemorrhage$).mp.

27. Disc oedema.mp.

28. (Dot retinal hemorrhage$ or Dot retinal haemorrhage$).mp.

29. (Extramacular dot hemorrhage$ or Extramacular dot haemorrhage$).mp.

30. (eye hemorrhag$ or eye haemorrhag$).mp.

31. (Flame shaped hemorrhage$ or Flame shaped haemorrhage$).mp.

32. (Flame hemorrhage$ or Flame haemorrhage$).mp.

33. Posterior pole.mp.

34. (fundal adj 5 Posterior pole finding).mp.

35. (Haemorrhagic retinopathy or Hemorrhagic retinopathy).mp.

36. ((Haemorrhag$ or Hemorrhag$) adj5 retin$).mp.

37. Ha?morrhagic retinopathy.mp.

38. Retinoschisis/

39. retinoschisis.mp.

40. ha?morrhagic retinoschisis.mp.

41. (Intraocular ha?morrhage$ or Intraretinal ha?morrhage$).mp.

42. epiretinal membrane.mp. 

43. (Multiple small punctate haemorrhage$ or Multiple small punctate hemorrhage$).mp.

44. multilayer retinal h?emorrhage*.mp.

45. pale-centered hemorrhage$.mp.

46. Pale-centered retinal hemorrhage$.mp.

47. (Preretinal haemorrhage$ or Preretinal hemorrhage$).mp.

48. (Residual foveal haemorrhage$ or Residual foveal hemorrhage$).mp.

49. (foveal haemorrhage$ or foveal hemorrhage$).mp.

50. *Retina/

51. Retinal capillary network$.mp.

52. (Retinal detachment adj5 (haemorrhag$ or hemorrhag$)).mp.

53. Retinal exudates.mp.

54. Retinal fold$.mp.

55. Retinal hemorrhage/

56. (retinal haemorrhage$ or retinal hemorrhage$).mp.

57. retinal injur$.mp.

58. ruptured retinal capillar$.mp.

59. (Splinter haemorrhage$ or Splinter hemorrhage$).mp.

60. (Subhyaloid haemorrhage$ or Subhyaloid hemorrhage$).mp.

61. (Subhyaloid macular hemorrhage$ or Subhyaloid macular haemorrhage$).mp.

62. (Subretinal hemorrhage$ or Subretinal haemorrhage$).mp.

63. (Unilateral retinal haemorrhage$ or Unilateral retinal hemorrhage$).mp.

64. (Vitreous haemorrhage$ adj5 retina$).mp.

65. (Vitreous hemorrhage$ adj5 retina$).mp.

66. punctate hemorrhage.mp.

67. foveal hemorrhage.mp.

68. retinal capillar$.mp.

69. intraretinal h?emorrhage$.mp.

70. (Preretinal h?emorrhage$ or pre-retinal h?emorrhage$).mp.

71. Vitreoretinal traction.mp.

72. or/25-71

73. 24 and 72

74. (rat: or mouse or mice or hamster: or animal: or dog: or cat: or rabbit: or bovine or sheep).mp.

75. (lamb or woodpecker or pig or porcine).mp.

76. Animals/

77. animal stud$.mp.

78. “Review”/

79. or/74-78

80. 73 not 79

81. limit 80 to yr=”2013 -Current”

 

 

Medline search strategy used in 2015 for:

What are the differential diagnoses of retinal haemorrhages in children with clinical features associated with child abuse?

1. Infant/ or Infant, Newborn/

2. (child$ or toddler$ or neonate$ or baby or infant$).mp.

3. Child, Preschool/

4. babies.mp.

5. child/

6. or/1-5

7. (Bilateral retinal haemorrhag$ or Bilateral retinal hemorrhage$).mp.

8. (Blot retinal haemorrhage$ or Blot retinal hemorrhage$).mp.

9. Disc oedema.mp.

10. (Dot retinal hemorrhage$ or Dot retinal haemorrhage$).mp.

11. (Extramacular dot hemorrhage$ or Extramacular dot haemorrhage$).mp.

12. (Flame shaped hemorrhage$ or Flame shaped haemorrhage$).mp.

13. (Flame hemorrhage$ or Flame haemorrhage$).mp.

14. Posterior pole.mp.

15. (fundal adj 5 Posterior pole finding).mp.

16. (Haemorrhagic retinopathy or Hemorrhagic retinopathy).mp.

17. ((Haemorrhag$ or Hemorrhag$) adj5 retin$).mp.

18. Ha?morrhagic retinopathy.mp.

19. (optic nerve haemorrhage* or optic nerve hemorrhage*).mp.

20. Retinoschisis/

21. retinoschisis.mp.

22. ha?morrhagic retinoschisis.mp.

23. (Intraocular ha?morrhage$ or Intraretinal ha?morrhage$).mp.

24. epiretinal membrane.mp.

25. (Multiple small punctate haemorrhage$ or Multiple small punctate hemorrhage$).mp.

26. pale-centered hemorrhage$.mp.

27. Pale-centered retinal hemorrhage$.mp.

28. (Papilledema or papilloedema).mp.

29. (Preretinal haemorrhage$ or Preretinal hemorrhage$).mp.

30. (Residual foveal haemorrhage$ or Residual foveal hemorrhage$).mp.

31. (foveal haemorrhage$ or foveal hemorrhage$).mp.

32. *Retina/

33. (Retinal detachment adj5 (haemorrhag$ or hemorrhag$)).mp.

34. Retinal exudates.mp.

35. Retinal fold$.mp.

36. Retinal hemorrhage/

37. (retinal haemorrhage$ or retinal hemorrhage$).mp.

38. retinal injur$.mp.

39. ruptured retinal capillar$.mp.

40. (Splinter haemorrhage$ or Splinter hemorrhage$).mp.

41. (Subhyaloid haemorrhage$ or Subhyaloid hemorrhage$).mp.

42. (Subhyaloid macular hemorrhage$ or Subhyaloid macular haemorrhage$).mp.

43. (Subretinal hemorrhage$ or Subretinal haemorrhage$).mp.

44. (Unilateral retinal haemorrhage$ or Unilateral retinal hemorrhage$).mp.

45. (Vitreous haemorrhage$ adj5 retina$).mp.

46. (Vitreous hemorrhage$ adj5 retina$).mp.

47. punctate hemorrhage.mp.

48. foveal hemorrhage.mp.

49. retinal capillar$.mp.

50. intraretinal h?emorrhage$.mp.

51. (Preretinal h?emorrhage$ or pre-retinal h?emorrhage$).mp.

52. or/7-51

53. Purtscher retinopathy.mp.

54. Terson Syndrome.mp.

55. Immunization/

56. Vaccination/

57. Vaccines/

58. (immuni?ation or vaccin$).mp.

59. exp Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/

60. (cardio-pulmonary resuscitation or cardiopulmonary resuscitation).mp.

61. CPR.mp.

62. heart massage.mp.

63. cardiac massage.mp.

64. Resuscitat$.mp.

65. exp Vitamin D/

66. vitamin d.mp.

67. Apparent Life-Threatening Events.mp.

68. ALTE.mp.

69. exp Seizures/

70. seizure$.mp.

71. exp Cough/

72. cough*.mp.

73. Hypoxia.mp.

74. Apnoea.mp.

75. Apnea/

76. Anoxia/

77. exp Valsalva Maneuver/

78. valsalva retinopathy.mp.

79. Valsalva Maneuv$.mp.

80. or/53-79

81. 6 and 52 and 80

82. Animals/

83. animal stud$.mp.

84. (rat:or mouse or mice or hamster: or animal: or dog: or cat: or rabbit: or bovine or sheep).mp.

85. (lamb or woodpecker or pig or porcine).mp. [mp=title, abstract, original title, name of substance word, subject heading word, keyword heading word, protocol supplementary concept word, rare disease supplementary concept word, unique identifier]

86. “Review”/

87. (adult or adults).tw.

88. or/82-87

89. 81 not 88

90. limit 89 to yr=”2013 -Current”

 

Medline search strategy used in 2015 for:

Retinal haemorrhages in newborn infants

1. exp Infant, Newborn/

2. exp Infant/

3. (infant* or newborn* or baby or babies or neonate*).mp.

4. or/1-3

5. exp Choroid Hemorrhage/

6. exp Retinal Hemorrhage/

7. exp Vitreous Hemorrhage/

8. exp Retinal Detachment/

9. exp Retina/

10. (h?emorrhage* adj3 retin*).ti,ab.

11. ((retina* or eye) adj3 detachment).mp.

12. multilayer retinal h?emorrhage.mp.

13. Eye Hemorrhage/

14. macular h?emorrhage*.mp.

15. “h?emorrhagic retinopathy”.mp.

16. Intraretinal h?emorrhage*.mp.

17. (retina* adj3 (trauma or injur*)).mp.

18. “Dot retinal h?emorrhage*”.ti,ab.

19. (“choroid h?emorrhage*” or “vitreous h?emorrhage*” or “macular h?emorrhage*”).mp.

20. (“disc diameters” or “disc oedema” or “posterior pole”).mp.

21. “Preretinal h?emorrhage*”.mp.

22. “ocular manifestation*”.mp.

23. ((Intraocular or Intraretinal or intracranial or macular) adj (trauma* or injur*)).mp.

24. or/5-23

25. exp Delivery, Obstetric/

26. exp Vacuum Extraction, Obstetrical/

27. exp Extraction, Obstetrical/

28. exp Obstetrical Forceps/

29. exp Obstetric Labor Complications/

30. exp Parturition/

31. exp Cesarean Section/

32. exp Labor, Induced/

33. Breech Presentation/

34. exp Extraction, Obstetrical/

35. exp Vaginal Birth after Cesarean/

36. exp Labor Presentation/

37. “spontaneous vaginal deliver*”.mp.

38. “operative vaginal deliver*”.mp.

39. “assisted vaginal deliver*”.mp.

40. “mechanical vaginal deliver*”.mp.

41. “spontaneous vertex deliver*”.mp.

42. ((induction or extraction or suction or ventouse or prolonged or forcep* or cesarean) adj3 (deliver* or birth)).mp.

43. normal vaginal delivery.mp.

44. (“midcavity forceps” or “obstetric forceps” or “wrigleys forceps” or “outlet forceps”).mp.

45. (“low cavity forceps” or “neville barnes forceps” or “kielland forceps” or “ferguson forceps”).mp.

46. (prolonged labo?r or second stage of labo?r).mp.

47. (“delayed delivery” or “delayed second stage” or “failed forceps”).mp.

48. failed ventouse.mp.

49. “Kiwi Omnicup”.mp.

50. “polyethylene vacuum cup”.mp.

51. “after coming head”.mp.

52. ((vacuum or vaginal) adj3 (birth or deliver*)).mp.

53. (instrumental deliver* or instrumental birth).mp.

54. ((breech or instrumental) adj3 (birth or deliver*)).mp.

55. “secondary to birth”.ti,ab.

56. exp Birth Injuries/

57. (complicat* adj3 (birth or deliver* or labo?r)).mp.

58. birth related injur*.mp.

59. ((trauma or injur*) adj3 (deliver* or labo?r or birth)).mp.

60. Caesarean delivery.mp.

61. (C-section or Caesarian section).ti,ab.

62. or/25-61

63. 4 and 24 and 62

64. exp Retinopathy of prematurity/

65. Retinopathy of prematurity.ti,ab.

66. (rat:or mouse or mice or hamster: or animal: or dog: or cat: or rabbit: or bovine or sheep).mp.

67. animal stud$.mp.

68. “Review”/

69. or/64-68

70. 63 not 69

71. limit 70 to yr=”2013 -Current”

 

Medline search strategy used in 2015 for:

Which features or characteristics of eye injury are present in child maltreatment, neglect and fabricated or induced illness?

 

1. Infant/ or Infant, Newborn/

2. Child, Preschool/ or pre school child.mp.

3. child/

4. (child* or toddler* or neonate* or baby or infant* or toddler* or babies).mp.

5. or/1-4

6. physical abuse.mp.

7. non accidental.mp.

8. nonaccidental.mp.

9. non-accidental.mp.

10. soft tissue injur*.mp.

11. (or/6-10) and 5

12. exp child abuse/

13. (child adj3 maltreat*).mp.

14. child protection.mp.

15. exp Battered Child Syndrome/

16. exp Shaken Baby Syndrome/

17. (battered child or shaken baby or battered baby).mp.

18. (battered infant or shaken infant).mp.

19. shak* baby syndrome.mp.

20. shak* impact syndrome.mp.

21. or/12-20

22. 11 or 21

23. exp Eye/

24. Orbit/

25. (Ophthalmoplegia or Opthalmoplegia).mp.

26. Nerve pals*.mp.

27. Lid injur*.mp.

28. (Conjunctival haemorrhage$ or Conjunctival hemorrhage$).mp.

29. (Subconjunctival haemorrhage$ or Subconjunctival hemorrhage$).mp.

30. Corneal laceration$.mp.

31. palpebral fissure.mp.

32. (Echymosis eyelid or Ecchymosis eyelid).mp.

33. Lacerat$ eyelid.mp.

34. Eye Injur$.mp.

35. Orbital injur$.mp.

36. (Conjunctival haemorrhage$ or Conjunctival hemorrhage$).mp.

37. (Ocular finding$ or Ocular trauma$).mp.

38. Ophthalmology/

39. Ophthalmological finding$.mp.

40. Eye Injuries, Penetrating/

41. Eye Injuries/

42. or/23-41

43. 22 and 42

44. limit 43 to yr=”2013 -Current”

 

 

 

 

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