Distinguishing abuse from non-abuse is central to our review questions. As our reviews span more than 40 years, standards for defining abuse have changed markedly. We have devised the following ranking score where “1” indicates the highest level of confidence that abuse has taken place. These rankings are used throughout our systematic reviews (where appropriate).
|Ranking||Criteria used to define abuse|
|1||Abuse confirmed at case conference or civil or criminal court proceedings or admitted by perpetrator|
|2||Abuse confirmed by stated criteria including multidisciplinary assessment|
|3||Abuse defined by stated criteria|
|4||Abuse stated but no supporting detail given|