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Search strategy

Medline search strategy used for the 2015 fractures search questions 1-3:

  1. Which fractures are indicative of abuse?
  2. What is the evidence for radiological dating of fractures in children?
  3. What radiological investigations should be performed to identify fractures in suspected child abuse?

1. Child abuse.mp.

2. child protection.mp.

3. (battered child or shaken baby or battered baby).mp.

4. 1 or 2 or 3

5. (child: or infant: or baby or toddler:).mp.

6. CHILD/

7. CHILD, PRESCHOOL/

8. 5 or 6 or 7

9. non-accidental injur:.mp.

10. (non-accidental trauma or nonaccidental trauma).mp.

11. (non-accidental: and injur:).mp.

12. soft tissue injur:.mp.

13. physical abuse.mp.

14. (or/9-13) and 8

15. 4 or 14

16. Fractures, Ununited/ or Radius Fractures/ or Fractures, Malunited/ or Tibial Fractures/ or Fractures, Bone/ or Rib Fractures/ or Femoral Neck Fractures/ or Femoral Fractures/ or Humeral Fractures/ or Shoulder Fractures/ or Fractures, Compression/ or Fractures, Cartilage/ or Hip Fractures/ or Intra-Articular Fractures/ or Fractures, Open/ or Fractures, Closed/ or Fractures, Comminuted/

17. fractur:.mp.

18. Fractures, Bone/

19. rib fractur:.mp.

20. (multiple skull fractur: or eggshell fractur: or skull fractur:).mp.

21. femoral fractur:.mp.

22. humeral fractur:.mp.

23. pelvic fractur:.mp.

24. (spiral fractur: or transverse fractur:).mp.

25. metaphyseal fractur:.mp.

26. (corner fractur: or bucket handle fractur:).mp.

27. metaphyseal chip fractur:.mp.

28. classic metaphyseal lesion:.mp.

29. or/16-28

30. (investigat: adj3 fract:).mp.

31. (radiolog: adj3 fractur:).mp.

32. (roentgen: adj3 fract:).mp.

33. skeletal survey.mp.

34. ((paediatric or pediatric) adj3 radiolog:).mp.

35. ((paediatric or pediatric) adj3 nuclear medicine).mp.

36. Tomography, X-Ray Computed/

37. Scintigraphy.mp.

38. (bone scan or X rays).mp.

39. skeletal survey.mp.

40. isotope bone scan:.mp.

41. or/30-40

42. healing.mp.

43. (timing adj3 healing).mp.

44. (pattern: adj3 fractur:).mp.

45. ((dating or date) adj3 fractur:).mp.

46. (ag: adj3 fractur:).mp.

47. or/42-46

48. 41 or 47

49. 15 and 29 and 48

50. 8 and 29 and 47

51. 49 or 50

52. limit 51 to yr=”2014 -Current”

 

 

Medline search strategy used for the 2015 fractures search question 4:

4. Does cardiopulmonary resuscitation cause rib fractures in children?

1     exp child/

2     CHILD, PRESCHOOL/

3     exp Infant, Newborn/

4     (child* or babies or baby or toddler*).mp.

5     (infancy or infant* or neonat*).tw.

6     (pediatric* or paediatric*).tw.

7     or/1-6

8     metaphyseal fractur*.mp.

9     rib fractur*.mp

10     clavicle fractur*.mp.

11     Rib Fractures/

12     Diaphragm/in [Injuries]

13     “Wounds and Injuries”/

14     Wounds, Nonpenetrating/

15     Thoracic Injuries/

16     thoracic Injur*.tw.

17     ((rupture or trauma or injur*) adj3 (chest or lung or rib)).tw.

18     or/8-17

19     exp Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/

20     cardio-pulmonary resuscitation.mp.

21     CPR.mp.

22     cardiac massage.mp.

23     heart massage.mp.

24     or/19-23

25     7 and 18 and 24

26     limit 25 to yr=”2014-Current”

 

Erratum

Please note that the final search string is missing from the search strategy published in the following publication

 

Kemp AM, Dunstan F, Harrison S, Morris S., Mann M, Rolfe K, Datta S, Thomas DP, Sibert JR, Maguire S. Patterns of skeletal fractures in child abuse: systematic review. British Medical Journal. 2008;337:a1518 [Pubmed]

 

The correct search strategy (at the time of publication of this paper) is found below:

 

1. Child abuse.mp.

2. child protection.mp.

3. (battered child or shaken baby or battered baby).mp.

4. 1 or 2 or 3

5. (child: or infant: or baby).mp.

6. non-accidental injur:.mp.

7. non-accidental trauma.mp.

8. (non-accidental: and injur:).mp.

9. soft tissue injur:.mp.

10. physical abuse.mp.

11. (or/6-10) and 5

12. 4 or 11

13. fractur:.mp.

14. 12 and 13

15. (investigat: adj3 fract:).mp.

16. (radiolog: adj3 fractur:).mp.

17. (roentgen: adj3 fract:).mp.

18. skeletal survey.mp.

19. bone scan:.mp.

20. Isotope Bone Scan:.mp.

21. Radionuclide.mp.

22. Scintigraphy.mp.

23. Tomography, X-Ray Computed/

24. ((paediatric or pediatric) adj3 radiolog:).mp.

25. ((paediatric or pediatric) adj3 nuclear medicine).mp.

26. or/15-25

27. (ageing adj3 fractur:).mp.

28. ((dating or date) adj3 fractur:).mp.

29. (pattern: adj3 fractur:).mp.

30. healing.mp.

31. or/27-30

32. 26 or 31

33. 14 and 32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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